Vauxhall founded by Alexander Wilson in Vauxhall, London in 1857. It was originally named Vauxhall Iron Works and built pumps and marine engines. The company produced its first car in 1903, a 5hp model with a tiller for steering and two forward gears. The company moved to Luton in 1905 and changed its name to Vauxhall Motors in 1907. Their first production car was the A-Type Vauxhall – originated from the drawing board of the young Laurence Pomeroy, who designed the engine for a car to be used for rallying – the Y-Type Y1 - which had been highly successful. This car was produced from 1908 to 1914. During World War 1 the D-Type Vauxhall was made in large quantities for the British Armed Forces. After 1918 a sporting version – the E-Type – was produced, but such quality, expensive cars were no longer required and Vauxhall struggled , In 1925 Vauxhall was bought by General Motors and production changed with the Bedford truck being produced in 1931 and the low cost Vauxhall Cadet. During World War 11, production switched to making tanks and Bedford lorries. After the war, models were more mass-produced and American styled, with the Wyvern and Velox being introduced in 1948. the new styled Cresta in 1954 and the new Victor F-Type in 1957 along with the six-cylinder PA Velox and Cresta. In 1960 the new Ellesmere Port car plant was opened and in 1964 the first Viva appeared on the scene. Then in 1965 the PC Cresta, followed in 1967 by the FD Victor. The final Victor, the FE appeared in 1972. Then, in 1975 the first Cavalier was launched, followed by the Chevette. In 1978 came the Carlton. Following a decline, recovery was achieved with the Astra, This was followed in 1983 by the Nova.. 1993 saw the launch of the Corsa to replace the Nova and move Vauxhall into the more modern arena.